Quick Answer: What Is The Difference Between Unresponsive And Coma?

What is the difference between being in a coma and unconscious?

Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which a patient does not react with the surrounding environment.

Someone who is in a coma is unconscious and has minimal brain activity.

It is not possible to wake a coma patient using physical or auditory stimulation..

What can cause you to be unresponsive?

Common causes of temporary unconsciousness include:low blood sugar.low blood pressure.syncope, or the loss of consciousness due to lack of blood flow to the brain.neurologic syncope, or the loss of consciousness caused by a seizure, stroke, or transient ischemic attack (TIA)dehydration.problems with the heart’s rhythm.More items…

What are the stages of a coma?

Recovery may be grouped into the following four stages:Stage 1: Unresponsiveness. During this stage the patient does not respond consistently or appropriately. … Stage 2: Early responses. … Stage 3: Agitated and confused. … Stage 4: Higher level responses.

Can you feel pain in a coma?

People in a coma are completely unresponsive. They do not move, do not react to light or sound and cannot feel pain. Their eyes are closed. The brain responds to extreme trauma by effectively ‘shutting down’.

What does being in a coma feel like?

Usually, comas are more like twilight states – hazy, dreamlike things where you don’t have fully formed thoughts or experiences, but you still feel pain and form memories that your brain invents to try to make sense of what’s happening to you.

What is the chance of surviving a coma?

Studies show a very high overall mortality, ranging between 76% and 89%. 5, 6, 7 Of the surviving patients, only very few recover to a good outcome. The majority of the survivors do so with permanent disorders of consciousness or severe disabilities (see Table 1).

Does talking to someone in a coma help?

Why talking to a loved one in a coma helps them recover: Hearing stories exercises circuits in the brain which can trigger the first glimpses of awareness. Hearing family members’ voices really can help those in a coma wake up sooner, scientists have shown for the first time.

What does unresponsive in a coma mean?

During a coma, a person is unresponsive to his or her environment. The person is alive and looks like he or she is sleeping. However, unlike in a deep sleep, the person cannot be awakened by any stimulation, including pain.

How long do you have to be asleep for it to be considered a coma?

Clinically, a coma can be defined as the inability consistently to follow a one-step command. It can also be defined as a score of ≤ 8 on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) lasting ≥ 6 hours. For a patient to maintain consciousness, the components of wakefulness and awareness must be maintained.

How do people in a coma eat?

Nourishing the unconscious person requires bypassing the normal chewing and swallowing process, and at times avoiding the gastrointestinal tract altogether. A nasogastric tube bypasses mouth and esophagus to deliver liquid nutrition directly to the stomach.

Can someone in a coma hear you?

When people are in comas, they are unconscious and cannot communicate with their environment. … However, the brain of a coma patient may continue to work. It might “hear” the sounds in the environment, like the footsteps of someone approaching or the voice of a person speaking.

Do you dream when in a coma?

Patients in a coma appear unconscious. They do not respond to touch, sound or pain, and cannot be awakened. Their brains often show no signs of the normal sleep-wakefulness cycle, which means they are unlikely to be dreaming. … Whether they dream or not probably depends on the cause of the coma.

What’s the longest coma survivor?

Elaine EspositoElaine Esposito (December 3, 1934 – November 25, 1978) held the record for the longest period of time in a coma according to Guinness World Records, having lost consciousness in 1941 and eventually dying in that condition more than 37 years later.

Do coma patients remember anything?

The experience of being in a coma differs from person to person. Some people feel they can remember events that happened around them while they were in a coma, while others don’t. Some people have reported feeling enormous reassurance from the presence of a loved one when coming out of a coma.