What Happens If You Have Tuberculosis?

How does tuberculosis affect the body?

When a person gets active TB disease, it means TB bacteria are multiplying and attacking the lung(s) or other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, bones, kidney, brain, spine and even the skin.

From the lungs, TB bacteria move through the blood or lymphatic system to different parts of the body..

Can I marry a girl with TB?

For example, if, due to TB and its lengthy treatment, a woman’s marriage to her cousin does not go ahead, then it is not her last opportunity to marry if she has many other as yet unmarried cousins to marry once she is in good health again.

Is it safe to be around someone with TB?

No. It is very important to remember that only someone with active TB disease in the lungs can spread the germ. People with TB infection are not contagious, do not have any symptoms, and do not put their family, friends and co-workers at risk.

How hard is it to catch TB?

Although tuberculosis is contagious, it’s not easy to catch. You’re much more likely to get tuberculosis from someone you live with or work with than from a stranger. Most people with active TB who’ve had appropriate drug treatment for at least two weeks are no longer contagious.

Does TB ever leave your system?

Even though the TB germs in your body are dormant (sleeping), they are very strong. Many germs are killed shortly after you start taking your medicine, but some stay alive in your body a long time. It takes longer for them to die.

What are the stages of tuberculosis?

There are 3 stages of TB: exposure, latent, and active disease. A TB skin test or a TB blood test can often diagnose the infection. But other testing is also often needed. Treatment exactly as recommended is needed to cure the disease and prevent its spread to other people.

How can I boost my immune system to fight TB?

Scientists have shown that a single 2.5mg dose of vitamin D may be enough to boost the immune system to fight against tuberculosis (TB) and similar bacteria for at least 6 weeks.

How long does TB last?

TB bacteria die very slowly. It takes at least 6 months for the medicines to kill all the TB bacteria. You will probably start feeling well after only a few weeks of treatment.

Can the TB be completely cured?

Active, drug-sensitive TB disease is treated with a standard 6-month course of 4 antimicrobial drugs that are provided with information, supervision and support to the patient by a health worker or trained volunteer. The vast majority of TB cases can be cured when medicines are provided and taken properly.

Can lungs recover after TB?

The resulting lung infection is called primary TB. Most people recover from primary TB infection without further evidence of the disease. The infection may stay inactive (dormant) for years. In some people, it becomes active again (reactivates).

Can you get TB from kissing?

You cannot get TB germs from: Saliva shared from kissing. TB is NOT spread through shaking someone’s hand, sharing food, touching bed linens or toilet seats, or sharing toothbrushes.

What happens if you test positive for TB?

A positive TB test result means only that TB bacteria has been detected. It does not indicate whether the person has active TB or a latent infection. This requires additional testing. TB disease can be diagnosed by medical history, physical examination, chest X-ray, and other lab tests.

What is the fastest way to cure TB?

The most common medications used to treat TB disease are isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide. Be sure to take your medicine exactly as prescribed, for as long as it’s prescribed. If you stop, or don’t take it as ordered, you can get sick again.

What should you not do if you have tuberculosis?

What to Avoid When You Have Active TuberculosisSkip tobacco in all forms.Don’t drink alcohol — it can add to the risk of liver damage from some of the drugs used to treat your TB.Limit coffee and other caffeinated drinks.Limit refined products, like sugar, white breads, and white rice.More items…•

How long can you live with untreated tuberculosis?

Current models of untreated tuberculosis that assume a total duration of 2 years until self-cure or death underestimate the duration of disease by about one year, but their case fatality estimates of 70% for smear-positive and 20% for culture-positive smear-negative tuberculosis appear to be satisfactory.